Solar Energy-Installation Guide for Solar Panel System

6 Apr

Considerations for Solar Energy System(Renewable Energy)

  •  Determine whether you want to install a solar hot water system or one to generate electricity, or both.
  •  Solar panels should be orientated to receive the maximum amount of daily and seasonal sunlight. In the Northern hemisphere solar panels should be facing due south. In the southern hemisphere solar panels should be facing due north. A variance of 45° won’t make much of an impact on performance.
  •  Your roof orientation. Has your house got a roof facing the sun most of the day?
  •  Look at landscaping and surrounding buildings that might shade the panels.
  •  The more sunny the better, but solar panels perform very well in cloudy conditions too.
  •  The optimal angle is equal to your latitude, although most panels are fixed to whatever angle the roof is tilting without impacting performance.
  •  What amount of electricity do you need to power your load? The easiest way to determine your household’s use is to look at your electricity bills. It’s best to use an average of a full year.
  •  Great savings can be had by just installing energy efficient appliances and implementing other energy saving measures.
  •  Keep in mind that additional balance-of-system equipment will be required to transfer the generated electricity to the appliances in your house.
  •  Always use a qualified professional to connect the electric components.

Components of  Solar Energy System

  • Battery Bank
  • Solar Panel
  • Solar Panel Mount
  • Charge Controller
  • Inverter
  • Metering

Tools Required for Installation of Solar Power System

Cable cutters
Red electrical tape
Screwdriver
Drill
Crescent Wrench

Circuit Diagram of Solar Power System

Solar Energy System Diagram

Steps for Installing a Solar Panel System

  1. Prepare Batteries.

    Batteries

    Dry batteries are costly but more durable than lead- acid batteries. The first thing you want to do is charge your batteries with a charger. This will insure they are charged to capacity and ready to go at set up. While the batteries are charging, you can set up the solar panels and get them wired up and ready to go.

  2. Fix Batteries in a Container.

    Battery Box

    Once the batteries are fully charged, place them in the container and. Make sure all the positive (+) terminals are on one side and negative (-) on the other. Once in place, measure from terminal to terminal to make the jumpers.

  3. Battery Jumpers

    Make Jumpers. To connect the batteries in parallel, make some jumpers out of 2 AWG cable. Make sure to size your jumpers for your system. If you want to use a larger inverter you will need to use larger cable. 1200 Watts/12 Volts = 100 Amps. Depending on where you look, 2 AWG cable is good for around 100 Amps. If you want to run say, a 2400 watt inverter, you should use 2 cables per jumper. Measure between terminals and cut cable to length. Then add the mechanical lugs.

  4. Connect Charge Controller and DC to AC Inverter to the Battery.

    Charge Controller

    Make sure the inverter is turned off and the charge controller is not connected to the solar panels yet.

  5. Connect Charge Controller to the Solar Panel. Make sure that the inverter is OFF.
  6. Solar Power Inverter

     Connect Inverter to the load. After connection of inverter to the load switch ON the Inverter.

TOPICS COVERED

  • Considerations for Solar Energy System(Renewable Energy)
  • Components of  Solar Energy System
  • Tools Required for Installation of Solar Power System
  • Circuit Diagram of Solar Power System
  • Steps for Installing a Solar Panel System
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2 Responses to “Solar Energy-Installation Guide for Solar Panel System”

  1. Durga January 24, 2014 at 10:52 am #

    please any one advice me if i increases the capacity of solar module and thermo electric generator what impact on battery and charge controller?

  2. Ulpio Regalado August 31, 2014 at 12:00 pm #

    Siempre es bueno buscar gente que tenga los mismos intereses que uno.
    Es por esta razón que llegué a tu sitio y me parece que tus artículos son excelentes.
    No deseo sonar halagador pero la verdad creo que cuentas con potencial al redactar.
    Me gustaría que tuvieses luego la oportunidad de revisar ciertos artículos que he escrito por mi
    cuenta. La verdad es que no se si son tan buenos como los tuyos mas intento hacer algo al respecto.
    Que bien es encontrarte en internet y espero que prosigas escribiendo que
    por acá ya posees un fan.

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